Having meals or drinks in one’s own home is one of life’s great comforts. A nicely designed kitchen with good appliances is a necessity in preparing enjoyable dishes. Among the most useful things a chef could own, a good pepper mill is a handy tool.

Chefs and diners use pepper mills to grind fresh spices for flavoring all kinds of dishes from burgers to curries. There are manual or electric versions designed to process peppercorns and other raw spices. In all cases, a mechanical rotator works within a grinding ring to crack spices fed into the mechanism from the mill’s storage chamber. Manual models are operated by twisting knobs or pushing levers to get the face to rotate and crack peppercorns against a raised ring in the interior of the mill’s housing. Electric models run more or less similarly, and many are handheld models powered by batteries so that they could be move from counter to table for convenience.

With all models you can adjust output for fine or coarse grounds, which is done by varying the space between the grinding head and the ring. Many can be set to deliver a wide range of pepper grinds, while others only feature grind pre-sets controlled by a dial or knob. No one design is intrinsically better, most users simply choose between the different types according to their decorative tastes and cooking or dining preferences.


Ceramic or acrylic-type mills utilize mechanisms made of these materials which are capable of handling all kinds of raw spices as well as salt.

Metal-type mills have metal rotators which are good for processing most spices, but this type is very likely to get damaged if used on salt.

Traditional mills are weighty table pieces made from wood and feature classic decors to match traditionally-styled kitchens.

Modern styles with colorful designs are preferred by many users who also own other modern kitchen appliances. Some new designs are almost architectural statements by themselves, reflecting a variety of design languages from minimalist steel to cubist sculptures to trendy or kitschy plastic things. But in all cases a good mill should be durable enough to survive a few falls to the floor without cracking, and have a lidded chamber to store peppercorns that is easily filled via a wide mouth. (more…)

When talking about hair loss, it can happen to both men and women. Women have a percentage of 22% of suffering from hair loss at one point in their lives. Hair loss in women isn’t as evident as hair loss in men because they are able to hide it will. The hair loss they experience is not very severe and it can be spread evenly on their head so people cannot see it right away. Essential oils that can help with the growth of hair if a person is losing them. There are aromatherapy diffuser reviews you can read so you’ll know that essential oil diffuser can also be used for other things aside from hair loss.

What causes hair loss in women?

If you are not losing more than 100 stands daily, that is still normal. If you notice that you are losing more than that, then you can say that you are experiencing hair loss. In the case of women, hair loss begins later in life and hair loss in women are less extreme compared to men because of estrogen in women. Stress can also lead to hair loss and this is ranked second as one of the reasons that cause women to lose hair. Stress during pregnancy, problems related to the thyroid gland, and diabetes can also be reasons for hair loss. Women can experience premature hair loss if they are suffering from alopecia areata which is a disease in the immune system that destroys hair follicles and this cause hair fall. Another reason for hair loss is problems with malnutrition, but hair will start to grow back when these problems are eliminated.

Essential oils for hair loss

  • Basil contains magnesium that is good for rejuvenating making hair follicles become stronger. There are antioxidants in basil oil that has two flavonoids namely orientin and vicenin that will give protection to the cell structure of the hair from oxidizing which can cause damage to cells. If your hair is dry, basil essential oil is perfect for adding moisture and restoring luster. If there is poor circulation in your scalp, it can cause hair loss, but by massaging basil oil to your scalp and hair follicles, it will promote blood circulation that helps in regenerating hair follicles. Read more essential oils reviews in this post.
  • Chamomile can be used for normal hair because it gives a soothing and conditioning effect to your hair and at the same time a golden highlight shine can be seen. If you see that your hair is starting to become thin, you will need chamomile infusion because there are components in it to stop hair loss from happening. However, before you use chamomile oil, ask your doctor first if you can. Chamomile oil helps in inflammation reduction that are present in the scalp and hair follicles that can lead to cells getting damaged.


One place where people enjoy eating meals and drinks alone or with others is the kitchen, and a well-equipped and orderly one in the home makes preparing and serving our favorites much easier. One of the most popular kitchen appliances for home use is the single-serve coffee maker.

These are machines which normally brew coffee one servings at a time, which ensures that flavors won’t decrease from having to leave coffee on a heated plate for too long. Some models use quick and convenient pods which hold enough grounds for a cup serving, while others let you to manually customize the amount of loose grounds for each.


  • Pod makers are among the easiest coffee machines to use and enjoy. These use pods pre-packed with coffee grounds and ready for quick brewing. Keurig made the first pod-type models, and the “K-cup” pods they produce remain popular as well as useable in other pod coffee models. Once emplaced in the basket, closing the hood forces a needle-like spout to pierce the pod and course water through it. Some models have a tank holding enough water for multiple servings, while others need to have water poured prior to each brew. There are many varieties of K-cups such as cocoas, fruit-flavored drinks, and teas, many of which are meant to be served cold. Pod makers do cost more per cup produced than regular machines which process loose grounds.
  • Single-serve drip makers are also available, and the more popular of these can brew coffee straight into a thermally-lined mug for convenient travel. These types are not so common, but they do allow users to avoid having to buy only proprietary branded pods. They usually cost less, but in return are not as convenient or foolproof to operate as pod machines.
  • French press pots are the choice of coffee aficionados who have patience to skillfully customize great brews. Models typically include either a French press pot to brew coffee in or a pour-over dripper to do the same. Many traditional French press models can brew several cups simultaneously, although servings may be only a few ounces each. Pour-over drippers normally produce a single cup or two each time, and are just as easy to learn and use. These methods do require the user to manually boil water, measure grounds, pour water into a chamber or bowl, press or stir using a mechanism or by hand, then wait for a few minutes while the coffee brews.


The kitchen is one of the most used rooms in the home after the bedroom, a place where we love to eat and be with others. Many prefer having meals and drinks there alone or in good company. For enjoyable dining, a well-equipped and planned home kitchen is a necessity.

Good appliances are great for preparing and serving great food. Most homeowners would get a range plus maybe a cooktop, a refrigerator and freezer, and a dishwasher first, and also a microwave for the convenience.But beyond the basics, one of the more useful appliances in any kitchen is the bread machine.

Basic unit of loaf: The bread machine

A bread machine is usually a kitchen appliance buyers consider only after getting the basics like a range or a refrigerator. If you prefer homemade bread but won’t spend effort and time preparing it, this is a tool which does most of the mixing, kneading, and baking for you. It’s one of the most popular kitchen appliances for that reason.

Many users like that they can make fresh bread with no worries about additives or other commercial filler ingredients. Some models can produce a range of baked foodstuffs other than white and wheat bread, such as cakes and baguettes. A few can help prepare items like jam, meatloaf, or even pasta.

Making good homemade bread does require some thought and adjustment. Aspiring cooks like to monitor the baking process and add water if the dough dries too much, or smoothen loaves beforehand for a nicer shape of the finished loaf. Some serious bakers do buy bread machines just to save the effort of kneading dough.

Many owners are perfectly happy with standard results. Others don’t even bother with securing separate ingredients and just go with pre-packaged mixes. The fact is that most find basic breads from home machines to be better-tasting than the average grocer loaf.

Bread machine Types

Single Paddle

Dual Paddle

Budget machines feature various cycles for different bread types such as white, whole wheat, French style, and Italian. Some have settings for cakes, with a few providing a quick baking cycle. Options for producing loaves of different sizes are common to many machines.

The pricier models include special functions for making items like jam, or else can be set to bake gluten-free, sourdough starter, or low-carb bread. High-end models offer preheat cycles, programmable settings, and useful dual paddles for kneading dough which generally work better than single-paddle designs.

Good bread machine features

  • Consistent and versatile cycles
  • Viewing window
  • Easy-to-use controls
  • Ingredient dispensers
  • Quiet program operation
  • Preheat and delay start
  • Gluten-free settings



Like a new belt for a pair of old jeans, cabinet knobs and drawer pulls are an instant style lift. Plus, they’re quick to install.

Vintage pulls; lahardware.com or classic pulls; restorationhardware.com or modern pulls; ikea.com; from $2


Suspending your favorite pots and pans frees up cabinet space, keeps oft-used tools within easy reach, and makes a big kitchen feel cozier.

Hammered steel classic rectangle pot rack by Enclume; metrokitchen.com; $550


Steam ovens are gaining steam with good reason: For speedy cooking using less fat, you can’t do better. They’re also ideal for defrosting. Miele’s wall oven is compact and sleek, and it can be installed flush with the cabinetry.

Convection steam wall oven; miele.com for stores; $2,479 to $2,579


Cooking with your music blasting is just plain fun. So, why not install a set of stealth speakers that pack tons of power?

301 Direct/Reflecting speakers; bose.com; $329


A tall, skinny “ConServ” fridge-freezer by Vestfrost offers good storage space, with an impressively small footprintat 24 inches wide and 79 inches high, it’s a special boon for small kitchens.

conservrefrigerators.com; $1,149


Add more counter space by installing a cutting board that slides back into the cabinetry when it’s not in use.

Quotes available from cowellcarpentry.com; customcuttingboards.com; or your local carpenter; $45 to $120, plus installation (more…)

Textile design copyright issues get trickier when dealing with foreign countries, but protecting copyrights, in general, takes a long time and is very costly. Each foreign country has to be dealt with separately because each court system differs in its outlook. Textile manufacturers can take action against other manufacturers or stores that make or sell pirated designs, and it is in the original manufacturer’s favor to collect samples as evidence.

Design piracy can cost a manufacturer millions of dollars

A loss they may not even be aware of until they stumble across a copy of their print on display in a well-known department store, or in another company’s booth during market.

“It’s easily in the millions of dollars,” Richard S. Taffet, counsel for the Textiles Producers & Suppliers Association, says of annual sales losses to U.S. textiles firms caused by pirated designs.

Companies that feel they can prove their designs have been pirated have a fairly clear-cut legal route to pursue in the United States and Europe to punish the culprit, Taffet said.

But the waters become much murkier when companies try to tackle the copyright issue in developing nations. It is particularly difficult, not to mention expensive and lengthy, according to TPSA executives, to fight the issue in these countries.

“In Third World countries, there are much less-established copyright laws. You have to do it on a country-by-country basis,” said Taffet, who is also a partner in the New York legal firm of Go-lenbock, Eiseman, Assor & Bell.

TPSA members have taken legal action against design pirates in many countries and have succeeded in protecting their designs under copyright law in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Australia. The outcomes established a precedent in each country whereby other copyright-holders can more easily defend their rights. Member lawsuits are currently pending in Mexico and in various European and South American countries.

However, one of the more significant developments in the copyright issue–a Korean court’s conviction of a company for copying two of Covington designs–was overturned, and the designs were designated as works not protected by copyright.